Demography

Stockholm is a true image of European city where its residents, visitors and travelers feel very comfortable. Besides being like other northern capitals, it is often compared to Venice because of its prosperous water supply or to Amsterdam because of lots of bikes crossing city streets. Citizens of Stockholm can really be proud of their native city. Speaking of the citizens, it is appropriate to mention that Stockholm gathered nearly 1/5 of Swedish population (810,120 individuals) on the land area of 188 square kilometers. The city of Stockholm was founded in 1252 and since that time the number of people residing grows constantly.

The Stockholm County was formed in 1714. Since 1750 the city population has increased from 60 000 people up to more than 800 000 recently. At the beginning of the 19th century Stockholm included only districts, which appear to be central ones nowadays (1/5 of contemporary urban area). During the following decades more districts and communities were formed. For instance, Botkyrka Municipality joined capital area in 1913 with more than 25 000 people; in 1949 Spånga Municipality supplemented The City of Stockholm with smaller portion of population. More or less, visible and stable borders of the city were established in 1971 when Hansta Municipality joined. In 1982 Sollentuna Municipality was the last one to enlarge the City of Stockholm.

In order to enclose the number of people living in Stockholm, it is important to define some areas. Firstly, there is an area of Stockholm Municipality, which is a home of more than 800 000 people. Secondly, along with other 10 municipalities it forms the Stockholm area, which counts about 1,2 million people in total (Huddinge – 94,2 thousand, Danderyd – 24,6, Sollentuna – 53,7, Solna – 56,6, Järfälla – 60,3, Nacka – 25,1, Botkyrka – 48,3, Tyresö – 36,5, Sundbyberg — 33,9, Haninge – 40,1). And the last, but not the least, all of them are united under the Stockholm agglomeration of 26 municipalities; nearly 2 million people live there.

The Stockholm County is the area of international tolerance, as far as there are representatives of every nationality of the world. According to recent updates, only 21% of Stockholm residents were born abroad, which encourages active construction of new buildings and establishments for foreigners. The national structure of Stockholm population is vivid, but among non-Swedish the largest share belongs to Finns (57,6 thousand), Iraqis (53,8), Poles (24,4) and Iranians (22,4). A big numbers of Poles and Finns are ensured by close geographical proximity of the countries, which accelerates trade, economic, social and migration connections. In case of Iran and Iraq, the increasing amount of people emigrating from these states is justified by Swedish migration policy: this country can boast of the record number of political shelters given.

The presence of different ethnic groups in Stockholm influenced distribution of various religious communities. Besides national Evangelical Lutheran Church, followed by 89% of population, the biggest share in religious structure is taken also by Jewish community (16 thousand) and Muslims (70 thousand). Hence, Stockholm is a city of national and religious diversity, preserving highly-evaluated tolerance between its residents.